Christianity was brought to Latin America by the Spanish and Portuguese conquerors of North, Central, and South America in the 16th cent. … became the empire builders of New World Catholicism, founding churches, schools, universities, and missions along the distant frontiers of Mexico and Brazil.
How did the Spanish spread Christianity in Latin America?
Throughout the colonial period, the missions Spain established would serve several objectives. The first would be to convert natives to Christianity. … The missions served as agencies of the Church and State to spread the faith to natives and also to pacify them for the State’s aims.
How did Christianity affect Latin America?
Through the violence of colonization and the conquering of the New World, Latin America was brought under the influence of Christianity. Missionaries brought with them death in the for of subjugation and sickness, as well as enslavement and violent conversion.
How did Christianity spread to the Americas?
Christianity was introduced to North America as it was colonized by Europeans beginning in the 16th and 17th centuries. … Today most Christians in the United States are Mainline Protestant, Evangelical, or Roman Catholic.
What was Latin America before Christianity?
Before the Spanish arrived, tremendous religious diversity marked the region, but animistic, polytheistic, and ancestor worship systems predominated.
Why did Europeans want to spread Christianity in the Americas?
Why did Europeans want to spread Christianity in the Americas? They believed that God wanted them to convert other peoples. What types of goods did Europeans ship to Africa and the Americas on Triangular Trade routes? … Africans were brought to the Americas as enslaved people.
How did Catholicism start in Latin America?
Approximately 40 % of all Catholics live in Latin America. Iberians introduced Roman Catholicism to “Latin America” when Spain and Portugal conquered and colonized their respective New World empires after 1500.
How did Christianity changed Latin America 1500 1800?
Although the widespread exposure that Latin Americans had to Christianity during the 1500-1800 helped create syncretic religions like Vodun and helped create better labor conditions, native latin americans held strongly to their traditional beliefs and sometimes resisted the introduction of Christianity.
Is Christianity growing in Latin America?
In Latin America, the massive Christian population is becoming more Pentecostal or Charismatic. The growth of Pentecostalism in Latin America is estimated to be at three times the rate of Catholic growth. Non-Catholic believers now account for 2 percent of Latin America’s 550 million Christians.
How did Catholicism impact Latin America?
For more than three hundred years, the Catholic Church aided the Spanish in their conquest and administration of the Americas. It converted indigenous peoples to Christianity, educated the population, and legitimated Spanish rule.
How did the Spanish force Christianity?
Cortes defeated the Aztecs and forced them to convert. The destruction of idols, temples, the kidnapping of the Aztec children, the killings of the no- bility, and the practice of Christianity were forced for the most part on the Az- tecs by the Spaniards.
What role did religion play in the Spanish conquest of Latin America?
Religion was a motive for discovery, enabled the Spanish to enter the heart of the empire, and was used as justification for torture of the natives. The centrality of religion as a force in Spanish conquest is undeniable.
What started Christianity?
Christianity originated with the ministry of Jesus, a Jewish teacher and healer who proclaimed the imminent kingdom of God and was crucified c. AD 30–33 in Jerusalem in the Roman province of Judea.
What’s the main religion in Latin America?
The majority of Latin Americans are Christians (90%), mostly Roman Catholics. Membership in Protestant denominations is increasing, particularly in Brazil, Guatemala, El Salvador, Puerto Rico and other countries.
Why do most people in Latin America practice Christianity?
Why do most people in Latin America practice Christianity? During the colonial period, the Catholic Church sent missionaries to convert native peoples to Christianity. This often occurred by force. As the countries of Latin America gained their independence, their cultures carried on these traditions.
What religion was in Brazil before Christianity?
Brazil has been described as a Roman Catholic country for centuries. Until 1891 Roman Catholicism was the only official religion of Brazil. However, the situation has changed during the twentieth century.